1. What is it?
CBD or cannabidiol is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis (marijuana), according to Harvard Health. It is one of 115 different cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. There is no psychoactive component to CBD which means that there isn’t a “high” associated with its use. This is what makes it more attractive for those who seek to use it for its medicinal properties.
2. Is it legal?
Maybe? Because CBD can be prescribed for seizures, the FDA is hesitant to allow widespread use until more research has been conducted. The legislation on this changes almost monthly. For now CBD products are legal, however they must not claim effects that have not been proven through research. If CBD products are made from hemp they are legal. If they’re made from the marijuana plant they are legal in most states, but they are not legal federally.
3. Is it safe?
When marijuana became legal in Colorado, consumers saw issues with how products were produced, especially in food products where the THC molecules were not being evenly distributed throughout a batch. This resulted in some products sold having extremely elevated doses of THC. A JAMA study shows that we are seeing similar issues arise in CBD products, with some products having more or less CBD than is listed on the label. States like California passed a bunch of legislation that regulates products sold in dispensaries. This allows testing to be done to find any heavy metals and fungus that the plant may have absorbed. It also means that the dosage on the label should be accurate.
CBD may also interfere with how you metabolize other medications or how quickly you break them down. According to CBD Project, it inhibits the cytochrome P450 enzyme which is involved in metabolizing many drugs. So if you are taking medications, you want to be sure to consult your doctor before using CBD products.
4. Does it show up in competition drug tests?
According to the US Anti-doping Agency cannabidiol is not prohibited. The problem is it seems fairly difficult to isolate CBD from THC, the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. This means that you may test positive for marijuana in a blood test done before competition.
A study published by the American Medical Association in 2017 showed that THC was detected (up to 6.43 mg/mL) in 18 of the 84 samples tested. If you have a competition that does blood testing coming up in the next couple of months, the USADA recommends avoiding the use of CBD products. In other words (and written in bold on the USADA site): “The use of any CBD product is at the athlete’s own risk.” There are also plenty of CBD products that come from hemp which has no THC, but that also means you have to know and trust the brand.
5. How does it work?
The body has its own endocannabinoid system that produces cannabinoids and is reward-based. During exercise, research shows that endocannabinoid signaling is indeed intensity dependent. That means that with greater exercise intensity comes a greater endocannabinoid response which some people may associate with exercise induced euphoria or a “runner’s high”. Essentially CBD could be tapping and feeding into a system that is already working naturally in our bodies. The CBD molecule also passes through the blood-brain barrier which could explain the cognitive claims and effects.
6. What are some benefits? Alternatives?
There are a variety of claims that have yet to be widely proven. These include claims that CBD can elevate mood, speed recovery by fighting oxidative damage, and reduce pain through anti inflammatory properties. The fact is that many of these studies were performed on rats and much more research and regulation is needed. So in the meantime, remember that exercise and nature elevate mood, antioxidant-rich foods help fight oxidative damage, and rest days allow the body to recover from an inflammatory state and renew itself.
For questions about CBD, cannabinoids, and other substances contact the USADA Drug Reference Line at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (719) 785-2000, option 2.
Really there are about 376 things that I want you
to know, but let's start here.
1. No static stretching before a workout.
Congratulations on spending some of your focus on warming up before your chosen activity. Your head is in the right place! But think again. Static stretching (stretching your hamstrings by bending forward and reaching for your toes) puts strain on muscles without necessarily increasing blood flow. Research shows that static stretching before a workout can actually lead to increased injury. Of course there are exceptions, but think of it as a general rule of thumb.
Dynamic stretching (bear walks, walking lunges, Russian baby makers, etc.), is essentially getting a stretch in (activating your nervous system) while you're moving. This allows you to load your muscles, joints, fascia while moving without putting undo strain on them. The idea is to take your joints through their basic ranges of motion and achieving a little stretch at that end range. Here is the RBM in action in my San Francisco apartment:
2. Don't just think about pain - Get screened!
While it's true that many people come into my office when they are in bad shape, that doesn't have to be the case! There are signs of injury (decreased muscle firing, posture asymmetries) long before pain rears its ugly head. Sometimes by the time pain is present, the damage has already been done (tears in soft tissue, disc herniation, etc.).
It takes little to no effort to come in, get a structural and functional exam, and get some insight on how to not only prevent injury, but give your performance a boost. Even if you believe you are firing on all cylinders, there is always room for improvement; Which makes it fun, right?
3. Don't put off seeing someone if you need it.
That gentle or nagging ache is your body asking for change. The longer you leave something untreated, the more degenerated it becomes. Many times people are afraid of getting their injuries assessed because they are anxious about getting surgery. However, chiropractic is a safe way to condition your injuries to heal, without the use of surgery (or drugs). Which brings me to my next point.
4. If you are scheduled to get surgery, don’t.
Unless you have to. But don’t.
5. Stop the movement before it starts to hurt
and don't skip your mobility.
Okay, that's two things. Often times I will hear athletes tell me that their neck felt "a little bit off", but it didn’t hurt that bad, so they kept going. Again, this is your body asking for help. Stop the movement, do some mobility and basic muscle activation and see if you can resume the movement. If it still hurts, it's time to see a professional.
By that same token, don't workout in pain. Of course many professional athletes and competitors will work out with injuries under the care of a pack of healthcare professionals. They are (hopefully) making a well calculated sacrifice in the name of sport. When you workout in pain, you reinforce those pain pathways in the brain. This is often how injuries become chronic. Are there exceptions to this rule? Of course. However, I would check with your local body mechanic (i.e. sports chiro).
6. Let me know what your last workout/ training session was.
Tell me what you've been doing with yourself. What was your last workout? Did you feel off or have any soreness? Have you been doing your corrective exercises? Did you have some pain overhead or notice that one shoulder tends to want to travel up into your ears? Did you just get off a 5 hour flight? Keeping me in the loop allows me to hone in and assess you at each visit and give you the most specific adjustments and correctives possible. It's truly a team effort!
Your Sports Chiropractor
Yes, it is true - Even I have a hard time getting myself to roll out of bed to go hit the gym on a Monday morning. I work hard, I do a lot of things, I deserve to rest and relax (and also I love bed). Most people who know me know that fitness is very important to me, so I am often asked how I stay motivated.
Motivation does take some thought, so grab a pencil.
1. Step one is putting on active clothing.
Usually if I can muster enough gusto to put on a bunch of bright spandex, I will then be motivated to travel to the gym. Acquire some workout clothes that you like and that are fun for you to wear. It is true that the uniform can make the man (or human if you will).
2. I work out before I know who I am in the morning.
Like I said, my workout is the first thing that I do for the day. I finally fully wake up about half way through the warm up. (Thank heavens I walk and do not drive to the gym).
There are so many things that can come up throughout the day that can make your workout seem less important. (i.e. dinner, happy hour, laundry, running to the store, last minute meeting, children). Plus, when you have your workout done first thing, whatever else you accomplish that day is a bonus.
Edit: I stole this blog from my old site because I liked it. And you know what? Things change. Now I workout at lunch:
1. I'm hydrated.
2. I've had some fuel (food and maybe some caffeine)
3. It feels like recess and
4. I'm more productive for the afternoon.
3. Think of yourself as a skilled participant in your sport.
If you think of yourself as an athlete or a yoga goddess, you will start to treat yourself like you are. Visualizing the person that you want to be is a good start to help with the other habits that come with exercise such as diet, sleep and hydration.
4. It has to be something you actually enjoy.
This can change. I danced ballet for 20 years and did dance team in grad school. Soon I found myself lifting heavier and heavier in the gym between practices, so I naturally started doing crossfit. After a bout of whiplash left me having a difficult time getting out of bed, suddenly snatches didn’t look so fun. I became a hot yoga devotee for the next year and half. Then, I gained enough stability and I am back to PR-ing my lifts. My fitness has changed so much throughout my life and it will always continue to. You never know when I will get an inkling to get back in the pool and swim some laps, or pretend that I love trail running during the fall months. Your fitness can change just as you do.
5. You gain a community.
Fitness can be performed alone, however if you choose to perform fitness with other people, in my experience, the effect multiplies. (This has even held true for my group meditation experiences). I love group classes. I go harder because I know people around me are going hard too. I am held accountable. If you go to a regular class, people will notice when you are not there and may give you some light digging (only because they want you to succeed). Plus, If you weave fitness and being active into your social fabric, it becomes your way of life.
6. Anchor to something larger than this week.
If I am super failing to release my clutches from my nicely blanketed bed, I force myself to take a look at future Krystal. Future Krystal is 80 years old and kickin butt. She is active daily, travels, reads, and goes on plenty of social outings. 80 year old Krystal lives this way because she gets her butt out of bed in the morning.
Your anchor is going to be something that is personal to you. To create a habit, you have to have reasoning that goes beyond your day to day and perhaps even beyond yourself. Many people want to stay in shape so they can be active with their children or grandchildren. Whatever it is, think of something that you value above all else that goes beyond looking good naked (which doesn’t hurt).
7. Success in fitness parallel success in life.
The mental acuity that is necessary to become disciplined to be active regularly and to refine your body movement will drive you in all areas of your life. When you workout when you don’t want to, when you press on through a workout even though your muscles are depleted, when you take a deep breathe and master a new skill - you expand your drive and realm of experience. You will find that you do not let trivial things bug out your day. When it is Friday afternoon and you’d rather leave early after a long week, you will dig a little deeper and push out another idea.
This concept is better articulated by an exert from a book that comes required reading at Harvard and Columbia Business Schools, "Compelling People" by John Neffinger & Matthew Kohut.
“While we cannot rewire our natural responses completely, we can still create change when we need it through brute force of will. Focus on why the task is important and how it connects to your values and your sense of how you want to be in the world. Then resolve to do it, no matter how it feels. Finally, make yourself do what needs to be done, even if that is not at all what comes naturally to you in the situation.”
In other words, practicing strength, even physical strength and regular fitness, bleeds power and confidence into all areas of life. What better excuse for working out is better than that?
Stay iron willed my friends,
Happy New Year! I know all that sugar and cheese has got you thinking about becoming a workout Queen (or King). Maybe you’re thinking that by the end of January you are going to be working out 5 days a week… heck with that, you're pulling 2-a-days y’all. Good on ya. But first ask yourself some questions.
What was my routine like before the holidays?
If you had a strong fitness routine before the holidays, chances are you can ease back in without too many hiccups. However, if you just coming off a desk job during the week, and binging college football or netflix on the weekends, or *insert wintertime activity*, then you might take pause.
Am I in this for the long haul, or am I going to come on strong and maybe fade off by the time March Madness*insert spring distraction* rolls around?
Usually the first two weeks are the hardest. Energy is low, muscles are sore and it hurts to get in and out of the car, let alone sit down to go the bathroom :x So be understanding to yourself.
Set ridiculously easy goals.
Think about being active twice a week. It adds something to your schedule without overloading it. It gives your body time to recover and hydrate while also gets you use to doing more laundry :P When you start hitting twice a week consistently and can get in and out of chair without too much pain, CELEBRATE! Buy a new sports bra, or some new socks, and then kick it up to 3 days week. And then 4 days week. And then, well, I think you get it.
Remember that life gets busy.
But rather than throwing everything out the window and moving up to the next notch in your belt. Remember that twice a week can still keep you moving in the right direction. Keep twice a week in your life for your health, your mindset, or if you’re me, to at least to avoid the leg numbing soreness.
First off, let’s start by saying that no ankle injury is the same. Each one affects different ligaments, muscles, and bony surfaces. Each one is handled differently by a person’s unique brain, peripheral nervous system, and previous conditioning and training.
Second, I hear over and over again from people who have sprained one or both ankles 3, 6, and even 10 times throughout their lives. However, when they come to see me they aren’t seeking treatment for their ankles, but the ensuing knee pain, low back pain, etc. Think they’re related?
How do we avoid the downward trajectory of these injuries?
3. Don’t get stuck with a chronic injury.
The greatest risk for injury is previous injury. While some ankle sprains can heal up fairly quickly, others make take months - with consistent rehab and treatment. The alternative is to ignore it and have ankle issues for a lifetime. The good news is you don’t have to do it alone! Find a sports chiropractor, clinical bodyworker, sports acupuncturist, movement based physical therapist to get you moving in the right direction.
You can see some of personal ankle rehab journey here >> here.
Look for help in the right places,
Huge shoutout to everyone that has come through our doors to be apart of our fitness family and community.
Enjoy some photos from the Grand Opening Party on
May 1st, 2018!
Whenever people ask me what I love most about the city, this is my reply. There are many reasons to love San Francisco, cost of living aside, but it really comes down to the people.
I met Justin and Bryant Sharifi, married co-founders of the training facility Perform for Life, at one of the first networking events I attended when I moved to the West Coast just three short years ago. The event was hosted by the Golden Gate Business Association, which is the oldest LGBT Chamber of Commerce in the nation. We met up at our local places of business to learn more about one another, and right away I knew that we had similar philosophies when it came to movement, fitness, and our community. This discovery was both refreshing and exciting. The tagline for their gym is even “Exercise, Socialize, Revitalize”, a sentiment that really resonates with me. Even as we sat there discussing our biggest influences and how we hoped to grow into the future, I wasn’t quite sure how we fit together yet.
Fast forward three years, the Sharifi’s are opening a new location in Hayes Valley and partnering with me to help add another layer to their already thriving platform of soft tissue injury rehabilitation and human performance. All of the Perform for Life trainers come from diverse athletic backgrounds and have studied in Kinesiology and Exercise Science. They also regularly engage in continuing education opportunities. Each week the entire team gathers to review different techniques and movements in order to share knowledge and help make each trainer become more well rounded. To me, this is an ideal home for my practice. I could not be more excited to interact with these amazing coaches on a regular basis and construct the best movement strategies for our clients and ourselves.
With that, I would like to invite you to our
When: Saturday, April 28th from 3-6pm.
Where: 61 Gough St., San Francisco, CA 94102
There will be plenty of healthy treats and beverages, along with free consultations from our health and wellness partners. Come tour the facility and meet the coaches to get a feel for the new space and extension of the P4L community.
Please RSVP here.
Here's to new adventures,
I am a Sports Chiropractor in San Francisco. My posts reflect some of the day to day interactions and questions from patients, clients, and coaches. I strive to empower people through injury rehab & sports performance to lead healthy, productive lives.